The Virgo constellation is visible late at night in Winter, at midnight in Spring.
(23rd August – 22nd September)
This is the most extended constellation of the Zodiac. Virgo is represented as a wing woman which brings on her belly the harvest, the sheaves of wheat and fruit (two bright stars of this constellation are named Spica, ear of wheat, and Vindemiatrix, grape-picker) and grips with her left hand a ear of wheat. She is usually identified as Iside in Egypt or Dike, the Greek goddess of justice, or also Demeter, the goddess of wheat. It is believed that the origin of Virgo constellation is related to the myth of Dike, daughter of Zeus and Themis, she was one of the three Horae (or Seasons), Eunomia (legality), Diké (justice), and Eirene (peace). In ancient Greek, it is linked to the myth of Ceres and Proserpina, daughter of Uranus and Gaia, elder sister of Zeus. Cerere is the goddess of harvest, guardian of field jobs, venerated and invoked by men, more than by women. She is the strong and determined woman, mother of an elder daughter, Proserpina, which collaborates with her when nature blooms. When Pluto, the God of the underworld, kidnaps Proserpina and makes her the Queen of the underworld through deception (he offers to her a pomegranate and she eats a few grains), Cerere gets angry, feels pain for the loss of her daughter and threaten to cause a dangerous famine. Zeus, who is worried, suggests a compromise, Proserpina will live with her mother (from the 21st of March to the 23rd of September, which is the period of Virgo sign) for six months a year, and she will live with her husband in the underworld for other six months a year, which is the period of autumn stasis and strict winter, when Cerere lives without Proserpina.
The main stars of Virgo constellation are:
α Spica, ("ear of wheat"); represents a ear of wheat in the hand of Virgo and represents the relationship with the Big Mother. Indeed large ancient temples, such as the temple of Athena Nike at Athens, the temple of Hera at Olympia and the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, are oriented to this star.
γ Virginis (Porrima)
ε Virginis (Vindemiatrix) meant grape-picker, because when the Ancients saw this star rising just before the Sun in August, the period of grape harvest started.
It is visible in the sky from February to July. It is a constellation which includes many galaxies, due to the presence of the Virgo Cluster, the closest galaxy cluster. Its observation is facilitated by the distance of the bright contrail of the Milky Way.
The dominant planet is Mercury, its element is the Earth and the quality is unstable. The Sun passes through this sign from the 23rd of August to the 22nd of September. Virgo symbol has the shape of the capital letter "M", where another sign explained as a symbol comparable to the letter "n" is linked. The letter "M" represents the feminine principle and the letter "n" represents the woman's fruit. It indicates the beginning of an internal growth and intellectual maturity.
THE STONES, THE ESSENCE AND THE COLOUR
The gemstones of Virgo sign are the grey, iridescent and opalescent Mercury gemstones, such as agate, alexandrite (discovered on the birthdate of Alexander II). It is believed that also the carnelian gemstone (from the Latin "corneus", because it has stripes) is suitable for Virgo sign. This gemstone is semitransparent with brown, ochre and salmon reflections, is very soft to the touch, easy to carve and carried by warriors during battles because it gives courage. The Virgo essence is hyacinth. Grey is the colour.
“I wonder if the stars are lit up because everyone will find its own one day.”
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry